by Dr. Bryan Drost
I had the best time with teachers the last few days—curriculum mapping away. It’s what curriculum directors live for: discussions of vertical and horizontal alignment. However, about halfway through the second day I could tell that I had “lost” two teachers: more specifically, two intervention specialists. Attempting to bring them into the conversation, we had a bit of a heart-to-heart, and this phrase came out “My kids can’t do these standards.”
My heart broke with these sentence: of course, part of it is that we haven’t made the shift that students with special education needs are part of the “ALL” in all of our students, but at the same time, it was clear that these teachers needed some strategies to help work with their students. Although I knew that in the short time I had to work with these educators, I would not be able to solve all, I did know that they were capable and that they could use APPS to help students acquire our college and career-ready standards.
As we worked together, I shared with her my version of the acronym APPS for technology integration within the classroom: how will an application help students Acquire meaningful content standards; how will an application help students Progress through meaningful feedback; how will an application measure Proficiency of student learning, and how will an application Support the student in learning content. (You can find more examples of this in my blogs on Achieve the Core’s Aligned blog at https://achievethecore.org/aligned/five-apps-to-redefine-your-math-class/)
The following are three APPS that I shared with her that I believe you too can use to help redefine your classroom and facilitate higher order learning activities that encourage self-directed learning and ongoing assessment for our students with special needs as well as the rest.
One of the concerns with some special needs students is that they can’t read the complex text that is required on them at grade level. Research has consistently proven that we need to make sure kids get exposure and regular practice with grade-level text. In other words, simply giving students texts that are not at their lexile level is problematic. So what to do? Why not try one of these free Google tools. Take on an grade-level text, maybe from Newsela. Download the freeTextTeaser extension. TextTeaser allows students to summarize the content from a webpage as a list of sentences or in paragraph form. What’s really great is that you adjust the output using a slider to give different detail levels of the passage or article. This gives teachers the opportunity to frontload texts for students so that they can participate in those rich, on-grade level conversations while the intervention specialist is working in small-group or one-on-one with helping the students make sense of the larger passage. An alternative to TextTeaser is SMMRY, a tool that performs basically the same task.
Desmos is my second APP for you all. Often, students with special needs that are struggling math need some type of visual to represent mathematical relationships and as a result, when this isn’t provided, will shut down and become frustrated. To be frank, many of us need those visuals. In addition to helping provide a visual, Desmos harnesses the social nature of online interactions into meaningful math inquiry. For example, by using the Function Carnival tooll, students are given the freedom to experiment with functions and are given direct feedback that allows them to revise their thinking and improve their mathematical practices and improve on that sense of perseverance. Lastly and what is most powerful about this tool is that the system also gives teachers the ability to randomly pair students with electronic devices, allowing students to create questions and challenges for each other based on aligned content. This can help students with special needs as it provides a model for mathematical thinking. Check it out at https://teacher.desmos.com/ In Ohio, at least, keep in mind that this is a crucial tool that students need to be exposed to as this is the same calculator interface we will be using on our State Achievement Tests.
My final app is really one that can be used in all disciplines, and isn’t limited to say math or ELA. As students progress into higher and higher grade levels or as content gets more and more challenging, it is essential to help students see the relationships between ideas. Often times students with special needs that have difficulty with organizing information need support in keeping ideas and these relationships straight. Ideament is a great app that allows you to draw a diagram – a mini map, concept map, flow chart, etc. and convert it to a text outline and vice versa. This is a great way to help students with special needs organize information for something that they need to write, but also can be used to in relationship to text. For example, copying and pasting a portion of text into a word document will allow the software to create a diagram of the text to help students organize this text and make sense of the relationships amongst ideas, perhaps say in a science text. Students also have the option of manipulating these diagrams to reorganize them in ways so that they too can learn how to process the information. Although it is appropriate for all students, adults can benefit from it as well. I used when I started writing this blog!
While these APPS don’t solve everything, they do transform classrooms as areas of grade-level learning for all students. Through the use of APPS, I know that you will discover additional ways to help support all students. I encourage you to respond to this blog or e-mail us to tell us how you’re using them. I’d love to learn more too!